Saturday, August 29, 2020

Blood Pressure

The pressure exerted by blood on the walls of blood vessel is called blood pressure. Blood pressure depends upon size of blood vessel, amount of blood in body, rate of flow of blood and frequency of heartbeat. Blood can flow on body due to pressure on blood. There are two conditions of blood pressure, one systolic and other diastolic.

Systolic blood pressure is that pressure when heart is compressed and blood exits from heart. For healthy person its value is 120 mm Hg but it ranges from 90 to 130 mm Hg for an adult person which may differ from person to person.

Diastolic blood pressure is that pressure when heart relaxes and blood enter into the heart. For an adult person its value ranges from 60 to 90 mm Hg. For healthy person its value is 80 mm Hg.

Causes of high blood pressure

  • Smoking regularly
  • Drinking of alcohol regularly
  • Obesity or overweight
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Excess of salt on food
  • Age above 40
  • Tension on mind
  • Adrenal and thyroid disorder
  • Genetical cause

Prevention of high blood pressure

  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol
  • Avoid fat on food
  • Minimize amount of salt
  • Do physical exercise
  • Take part in yoga and meditation to avoid tension


Post a Comment