Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Mineral Oil

Mineral oil is obtained from mine trapped inside thick rock capsule. It has limited storage on nature so it is a Non-renewable energy resource.  Petroleum originates from plants or marine microorganisms, like algae and plankton which lived hundreds of millions of years ago. If trapped and buried in sedimentary rock, over time a combination of the heat and pressure below the earth surface sees this organic matter transformed into oil, or in hotter conditions, natural gas.

The resulting oil and/or gas then moves through holes rock until it is either trapped in a reservoir, or reaches the surface. Drilling a well into these reservoirs allows any oil and gas to be extracted. After refining crude mineral oil we can get the following things

  • Petrol
  • Diesel
  • Kerosene
  • Gasoline
  • Petroleum jelly
  • Paraffin
  • Lubricants
  • LP Gas
  • Coal Tar etc

Importance of Mineral Oil

  • Little mass of fuel gives more energy
  • Cheaper and convenient than other resource
  • Easy to transport from one place to another
  • Compatible for heat production and run transportation means
  • Many useful materials are obtained from single crude oil

Drawbacks of Mineral oil

  • It is a non-renewable energy
  • Limited storage in earth’s crust
  • Highly inflammable and risky to store


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